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Invest in mutual funds for financial freedom
Published On , 11 Sep 2018 By TOI
The first step of retirement planning is chalking out a financial plan by knowing how much to save and invest early and regularly
Till about 20 - 30 years ago, a person never had to think about his retirement planning. The reasons were many. Firstly, he would always be working till the age of his retirement and secondly, he felt that his working child would support him in his silver years. In worst case scenario, he always had his joint family system to support him or his spouse.
However, things are a lot different now. With the concept of a nuclear family setting in, the idea of a joint family or kids living with their aged parents is fast diminishing. Secondly, with an unclear job scenario, most people don’t believe that they would complete their full job term. This is where financial planning becomes all the more important.
Having time will help the power of compounding take your side with all its might. When you are invested for a longer period of time, your interest or dividend earnings are reinvested, thus helping you generate a larger corpus over a period of time.
The investor also needs to make sure to invest a part of his earnings in the mutual fund even when the situation looks tough. Once you start with a plan, it is important to stick to it. Abandoning it midway will set your retirement planning back by a few years. The investor also needs to protect the family from the risk of family bread earner not being around through a pure term policy with an adequate sum assured, which is enough to sustain the family’s current life style, when invested.
There are some basic rules for future financial independence. Firstly, one should be willing to set some clear financial Goals. These could include short term, medium term as well as long term ones. The next step is to have a clear idea about the current financial position of the investor. Depending on the same, once the Goals are finalised it would be easier to find out how much money is required to reach those Goals. This also helps to set the road map to reach those Goals. This road map, along with the risk taking ability of the person, would also define the nature of the assets that would be required to reach those Goals.
As per the nature of the Goals and the plans to reach those, the investor should acquire the assets. For example, for long term Goals like retirement planning or children’s education, systematic investment plans (SIPs) in Equity funds are the best options. Financial planners and advisors say that for Goals which are more than ten years in the future, it is always advisable to go for SIPs in Equity mutual funds. Also, regular investments done over the long run can leverage the power of compounding as well as the rupee- cost averaging process.
INCREASE CONTRIBUTION ON A CONSISTENT BASIS
At the start of the financial planning, even if the money being invested is small, as one’s salary income rises, he should also increase the SIP contribution amount so that a large corpus is built over time. Such an approach can ensure a better and secured financial future.
REVIEW YOUR INVESTMENTS ON A REGULAR BASIS
The person should, at least twice a year, measure how far he has reached in achieving those Goals. Such reviews also help in timely course correction in case of any divergence – defined course. The last but not the least is to have a contingency plan for the most important Goals. Make suitable course correction, if required, after such reviews. Although you can do any or all of the above yourself, consulting a qualified and experienced financial advisor could be useful.
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